MD Anderson Cancer Center is one of the original three comprehensive cancer centers in the United States and it has been consistently ranked #1 for cancer care in USA. MD Anderson is the largest, and widely regarded as one of the foremost cancer centers in the world and center provided care for about 127,000 patients in 2014 and employs more than 20,000 people.

In 2010, MD Anderson opened a center located in the VKF American Hospital. The center was the first MD Anderson radiation treatment facility outside of the United States that fully replicates MD Anderson standards of therapies, delivered by physicians trained in Houston.