There are many types of cancer treatment. The types of treatment that you receive will depend upon the grade of the tumor and how advanced it is. Cancer can be treated by 1.surgery, 2.chemotherapy, 3.radiation therapy, 4.hormonal therapy, 5. Stem cell transplant and 6.target therapy (including immunotherapy such as monoclonal antibody therapy).
- Surgery, when used to treat cancer, is a procedure in which a surgeon removes cancer from your body. When cancer has metastasized to other sites in the body prior to surgery, complete surgical excision is usually impossible
- Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Most forms of chemotherapy target all rapidly dividing cells and are not specific to cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy(also called radiotherapy, X-ray therapy, or irradiation) is a type of cancer treatment that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. The effects of radiation therapy are localized and confined to the region being treated.
- Hormone therapy is a treatment that providing or blocking certain hormones.
- Stem cell transplants are procedures that your own stem cells are removed, or harvested, from your blood before you get treatment that destroys them.
- Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that targets the changes in cancer cells that help them grow, divide, and spread.